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General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-3719
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJIEE
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Chandratilak De Silva Liyanage
    • Associate Executive Editor: Ms. Jennifer Zeng
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing : Google Scholar, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref and ProQuest, Ei (INSPEC, IET).
    • E-mail ijiee@ejournal.net

Faculty of Science, University of Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam   
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IJIEE 2015 Vol.5(4): 317-321 ISSN: 2010-3719
DOI: 10.7763/IJIEE.2015.V5.551

Transverse Electromagnetic Modes of Menger Sponge

M. J. Mughal, M. Omar, Safiullah Khan, and A. Noor
Abstract— In this article, an analytical solution for the electromagnetic modes of a Menger sponge using field equations of fractional space is presented. In order to realize the electromagnetic modes in non-integer dimension space, the fields inside the Menger sponge are expressed using a fractional parameter 2 ≤ D ≤ 3. The modes are calculated under two conditions of boundaries i.e., PMC and PEC, for D = 3 correspond to ordinary integer dimension space. Generalized solution for lossless and source free medium is studied for non-integer dimension. As anticipated, the dimension of media have effect on electric and magnetic fields. The classical results are recovered when integer dimensional space is considered. The proposed solution is useful for deriving electromagnetic modes of fractal structures.

Index Terms— Fractional dimension, menger spone, transverse electromagnetic.

The authors are with Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology Topi(23640), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. M. J. Mughal is also with the Department of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan (e-mail: safiullah.khan@hotmail.com).


Cite: M. J. Mughal, M. Omar, Safiullah Khan, and A. Noor, " Transverse Electromagnetic Modes of Menger Sponge," International Journal of Information and Electronics Engineering vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 317-321, 2015.

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