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General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-3719 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Electron. Eng.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJIEE
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Chandratilak De Silva Liyanage
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing : Google Scholar, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref and ProQuest,  INSPEC (IET), EBSCO, CNKI.
    • E-mail ijiee@ejournal.net

University of Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam   
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IJIEE 2019 Vol.9(1): 1-6 ISSN: 2010-3719
DOI: 10.18178/IJIEE.2019.9.1.695

Bandgap Reference Layout Analysis and Design

Shi Jun
Abstract—Analog circuits incorporate voltage and current reference extensively. Such references are dc quantities that exhibit little dependence on supply and process parameters and a well-defined dependence on the temperature. In systems such as A/D and D/A converters and so on, a reference is required to define the input and output full-scale range. In this paper, the analysis and layout design of reference generator in CMOS technology are deal with, being focused on well-establishing “bandgap” technique. First, supply-independent biasing is studied. Next, temperature-independent references are described and issues such as the effect voltage are examined. Third, bandgap reference layouts are designed and the results are given. Finally, an example of state-of-the-art bandgap references are studied.

Index Terms—Bandgap, layout, supply-independence, temperature-independence, mismatch, matching.

The author is with School of Mechanical and Electronics Shanghai Jianqiao University Shanghai P.R. China (e-mail: jshi@gench.edu.cn).


Cite: Bandgap Reference Layout Analysis and Design, " Shi Jun," International Journal of Information and Electronics Engineering vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-6, 2019.

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